New Asustor NAS. Why won’t the surveillance center load?
Hey guys. I ordered an ASUSTOR NAS and it finally came in! I'm so excited to start hosting my own things! So everything is going pretty smoothly so far. I got home assistant running. My plex is being migrated now. The next thing is getting my Reolink doorbell (IP cam) to start working. I can have it save data to it's local microSD, but I've got a new NAS. With the back story done, the problem I'm having is that their software "surveillance center" seems to be broken. I installed it (yes, I already tried uninstalling and re-installing), and all it does is show 4 black screens with a tab at the top for "live view, settings, and logs". The problem is that none of the tabs do anything. Like I click, no response. Can't configure settings if you can't get to the screen. Anyway, does anyone have any ideas? I can do FTP/FTPS with the camera, but I was hoping to use the built in software. Thanks! Side note: fuck Spez for making so I can't read reddit posts for help.

Web-Shop WYSISWG App
I'm looking for a (preferrably) self-hostable, FLOSS web-shop application that is easy for end-users to use (WYSIWYG, no need for script languages necessary, etc). Any hints are much appreciated.

How do I do a bare-metal install (Debian) without a monitor+keyboard?
I don't have spare peripherals like a monitor and a keyboard. How do you suggest I do a bare-metal install of Debian on a computer (meant to be a server)?

Doorbell kamera solution
Hi, anyone have any good self hosted solution for a doorbell camera? What I need is to have the option to look at who is at the door and be able to actuate a lock (relay operated). I have a cheap Chinese brand solution, but it uses an unknown cloud solution and is very unreliable. A phone app would be fine, but if there's a standalone tablet, that's even better.

Next up in the Proxmox adventures: Why does my Rx590 show up as an RTX 2070 and how do I fix it?
Me again. The guy with the NIC problem from before. I installed the Rx590 and it shows up in lspci as an RTX 2070. I was hoping it was just Proxmox not having drivers or something, but when I pass it into the Hackintosh it's meant for, it shows as NVIDIA there too: ![]( Now I did get the Rx590 off eBay, but I'm it was listed as and looks like this: So I think it is actually a Rx590. This is lspci. 01:00.0 is a RTX 3060. 03:00.0 is the Rx590. 00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Device a740 (rev 01) 00:01.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Device a70d (rev 01) 00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation Raptor Lake-S GT1 [UHD Graphics 770] (rev 04) 00:14.0 USB controller: Intel Corporation Alder Lake-S PCH USB 3.2 Gen 2x2 XHCI Controller (rev 11) 00:14.2 RAM memory: Intel Corporation Alder Lake-S PCH Shared SRAM (rev 11) 00:15.0 Serial bus controller: Intel Corporation Alder Lake-S PCH Serial IO I2C Controller #0 (rev 11) 00:16.0 Communication controller: Intel Corporation Alder Lake-S PCH HECI Controller #1 (rev 11) 00:17.0 SATA controller: Intel Corporation Alder Lake-S PCH SATA Controller [AHCI Mode] (rev 11) 00:1a.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Alder Lake-S PCH PCI Express Root Port #25 (rev 11) 00:1b.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Device 7ac4 (rev 11) 00:1c.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Alder Lake-S PCH PCI Express Root Port #2 (rev 11) 00:1c.4 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Alder Lake-S PCH PCI Express Root Port #5 (rev 11) 00:1d.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Alder Lake-S PCH PCI Express Root Port #9 (rev 11) 00:1f.0 ISA bridge: Intel Corporation Z690 Chipset LPC/eSPI Controller (rev 11) 00:1f.3 Audio device: Intel Corporation Alder Lake-S HD Audio Controller (rev 11) 00:1f.4 SMBus: Intel Corporation Alder Lake-S PCH SMBus Controller (rev 11) 00:1f.5 Serial bus controller: Intel Corporation Alder Lake-S PCH SPI Controller (rev 11) 00:1f.6 Ethernet controller: Intel Corporation Ethernet Connection (17) I219-V (rev 11) 01:00.0 VGA compatible controller: NVIDIA Corporation GA106 [GeForce RTX 3060] (rev a1) 01:00.1 Audio device: NVIDIA Corporation GA106 High Definition Audio Controller (rev a1) 02:00.0 Non-Volatile memory controller: Sandisk Corp Western Digital WD Black SN850X NVMe SSD (rev 01) 03:00.0 VGA compatible controller: NVIDIA Corporation TU106 [GeForce RTX 2070] (rev a1) 03:00.1 Audio device: NVIDIA Corporation TU106 High Definition Audio Controller (rev a1) 03:00.2 USB controller: NVIDIA Corporation TU106 USB 3.1 Host Controller (rev a1) 03:00.3 Serial bus controller: NVIDIA Corporation TU106 USB Type-C UCSI Controller (rev a1) 04:00.0 Ethernet controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8125 2.5GbE Controller (rev 05) 05:00.0 Non-Volatile memory controller: Micron/Crucial Technology Device 5415 (rev 01) 06:00.0 PCI bridge: PLX Technology, Inc. PEX 8724 24-Lane, 6-Port PCI Express Gen 3 (8 GT/s) Switch, 19 x 19mm FCBGA (rev ca) 07:00.0 PCI bridge: PLX Technology, Inc. PEX 8724 24-Lane, 6-Port PCI Express Gen 3 (8 GT/s) Switch, 19 x 19mm FCBGA (rev ca)

Fully Virtualized Gaming Server?
For years I’ve had a dream of building a rack mounted PC capable of splitting its resources to host multiple GPU intensive VMs: - a few gaming VMs - a VM for work that can run Davinci Resolve and Blender renders - an LLM server - a Stable Diffusion server - media server Just to name a few possibilities… Everytime I’ve looked into it, it seemed like the technology just wasn’t there yet. I remember a few years ago Linus TT took a shot at it, but in the end suggested the technology (for non-commercial entities) just wasn’t in a comfortable spot yet. So how far off are we? Obviously AI focused companies seem to make it work, but what possibilities exist for us self-hosters who might also want to run multiple displays in addition to the web gui LLM servers? And without forking out crazy money for GPU virtualization software licenses?

selfhosted notes with android app but with mtls suoport
Looking for a notes app. Must have an android client,support mtls,support attachments and card layout. Only ones that can do that but with limitation are JTX board and nextcloud notes. NC notes does not support attachments. JTX board is a journal,task first app and counts on icx protocol which have size limitations Anyways anyone aware of any app that can do that? ps: pls don't suggest to save to local storage and sync that. pls don't suggest this app that cant do that but its great.
fedilink In the latest version of Nephele, you can now create a WebDAV server that deduplicates files that you add to it. I created this feature because every night at midnight, my Minecraft world that my friends and I play on gets backed up. Our world has grown to about 5 GB, but every night, the same files get backed up over and over. It's a waste of space to store the same files again and again, but I want the ability to roll back our world to any day in the past. So with this new feature of Nephele, I can upload the Minecraft backup and only the files that have changed will take up additional space. It's like having infinite incremental backups that never need a full backup after the first time, and can be accessed instantly. Nephele will only delete a file from the file storage once all copies that share the same file contents have been deleted, so unlike with most incremental backup solutions, you can delete previous backups easily and regain space. Edit: So, I think my post is causing some confusion. I should make it clear that my use case is specific for me. This is a general purpose deduplicating file server. It will take any files you give it and deduplicate them in its storage. It's not a backup system, and it's not a versioning system. My use case is only one of many you can use a deduplicating file server for.

Alternatives to CloudFlare?
Hey is there any alternatives to CloudFlare reverse proxies? I want to hide my server IP but not share everything with CF...

what’s your favorite kanban board?
I'm checking out flowly right now. I'm looking for a kanban board that optimally connects with a todo list and calendar, preferably webdav (but no must). what can you guys recommend?

Over the last two months, I developed wanderer. It is a self-hosted alternative to sites like or in other words a self-hosted trail database. It started out more as a small hobby project to teach myself some new technologies but in the end, I decided to develop it into a fully-fledged application. Core Features: - Manage your trails - Extensive map integration and visualization - Share trails with other people and explore theirs - Advanced filter and search functionality - Create custom lists to organize your trails further - Chique design with a dark and light theme - Fully mobile compatible wanderer is completely open-source. You can find the GitHub repo here: []( wanderer is still under active development so if you encounter any bugs/errors or have suggestions please let me know here or open an issue on GitHub.

*What rights do you have to the digital movies, TV shows and music you buy online? That question was on the minds of Telstra TV Box Office customers this month after the company announced it would shut down the service in June. Customers were told that unless they moved over to another service, Fetch, they would no longer be able to access the films and TV shows they had bought. *

Broadcom yanks ESXi Free version, effective immediately
I'd expected this but it still sucks.

With free esxi over, not shocking bit sad, I am now about to move away from a virtualisation platform i’ve used for a quarter of a century. Never having really tried the alternatives, is there anything that looks and feels like esxi out there? I don’t have anything exceptional I host, I don’t need production quality for myself but in all seriousness what we run at home end up at work at some point so there’s that aspect too. Thanks for your input!

Photofield v0.15.0 released: Google Photos alternative, now zoomier than ever! Plus related image search, map view, arm64, tags (alpha), and more!
Hi all! I'd like to share some slow, but steady progress I've made on my self-hosted personal photo gallery - a Google Photos alternative. It's been a while since I last posted any updates - the last time was [about v0.9.2 on /r/selfhosted](, so it's actually my first post here. ### What's new? Lots of things! Here's a quick summary: * **New website!** []( - bonus, it's embedded in every install, in fact, even the website is just hosted from the app itself. 😎 * **UX polish** - lots of small improvements, like [better interaction & fixed video controls]( and [better error messages & autoreloading config]( * **Zoomier than ever** - since [v0.15.0]( when you zoom into a photo, it zooms the whole scene! This wasn't the case for a few versions due to a technical detour, but I found a way to get it back without too many compromises. * **Related image search** - you can [Find Similar Images]( now, using the same AI functionality as the semantic image search. * **Map view** - you can [see your photos on a map]( Still has some quirks, so make sure to zoom in first. [To be improved]( * **Reverse geolocation** - you can see the [location of a photo in the timeline view]( Completely local, using [tinygpkg]( * **Tags (alpha)** - you can [tag your photos]( now. Quite basic for now, but should be a good foundation for [things to come]( * **ARM Docker images** - since [v0.14.1]( the published Docker images are multiarch - x64 and arm64, including [photofield-ai]( Makes it possible to run on cheaper, ARM-based servers, and faster on M1/M2/M3 Macs. ### Show me the demo Now hosted on Hetzner's arm64-based CAX11 - 2 vCPUs & 4 GB of RAM - the cheapest one. The photos are © by their authors. Since migrating to the CAX11, it only uses one size of internally pregenerated sqlite-based thumbnails, taking up roughly 4% of the disk space of originals. Support for Synology Moments thumbnails is still there, but doesn't seem as crucial as before. ### How do I try it out? It's very low commitment, a single executable or Docker image that you can mount with read-only access to an existing file structure, see [Quick Start]( (also [on GitHub]( if the website is dead). ### Another one??? Why? It's a conspiracy to increase fragmentation and increase shareholder value of big tech companies. 😄 Jokes aside, I think there is some space for a fast, self-contained, extremely easy to deploy solution. But mainly, it's to scratch my developer itch and I get to learn new things. ### Thanks Thanks to everyone who's been using it, contributing, and giving feedback! See also [foss_photo_libraries]( for alternatives if this doesn't fit your needs. Let me know what you think and what you'd like to see next! 🙏

So SBCs are shit now? Anything I can do with my collection of Pis and old routers?
I dunno when it happened but I swear SBCs were the *new best thing* in the universe for a while and everyone was building cool little servers with their RockPis and OrangePis. Now it's all gone x86 and Proxmox with everyone shitting on Arm. What happened? What gives? Is my small army of xPis pointless? What about my 2 Edge routers? I've got about 6 xPis scattered round my flat - is there anything worth doing with them or should I just bin them? All thoughts, feelings and information welcome. Thank you.

Hey there, it's been a while since my [last post]( Since then - with the help of this awesome community - I have added multiple new features and fixed a lot of bugs. Most importantly there is now a working [demo]( alongside a shiny new [landing page]( And here are some more fun features I added since then: * Trail drawing: in addition to uploading you GPX, TCX or KML files, you can now also simply draw a trail by defining multiple waypoints. The route between them will be calculated automatically. * Sharing trails: simple and straightforward - you can share your trails with other users and let them view or edit. * Printing trails: there is now a dedicated print view. Plan your adventure digitally and then take it with you on paper. * wanderer is now available in 8 different languages (thanks to translators from the community). If you would like to contribute a translation you can do so [here]( * You can now bulk upload multiple trails at once simply by putting them in a dedicated auto-upload folder And much more. I'd be happy if you give it a try in case you haven't yet. GitHub repo: []( []()

After thinking for about a year about it I decided to rename the project to 🚀NetAlertX. This will help prevent confusion about which fork someone is using, and differentiate it from the now stale upstream project. With about 1800 or so commits over the stale project, I thought, this project deserved a new name. It will also remove the confusion about only supporting Raspberry Pi's 😵 On top of the rename, I implemented ✨unlimited icons - just find an SVG you like and use it 😄. The rename from PiAlert to NetAlertX should be pretty straightforward and existing setups should work fine, no manual migration steps should be necessary. Still, caution is recommended. Check this thread for edge-cases and the guide if you decide to change your docker-compose.

What are the most paranoid network/OS security measures you’ve implemented in your homelab?
As the title says, I want to know the most paranoid security measures you've implemented in your homelab. I can think of SDN solutions with firewalls covering every interface, ACLs, locked-down/hardened OSes etc but not much beyond that. I'm wondering how deep this paranoia can go (and maybe even go down my own route too!). Thanks!

6 servers were decomissioned, Iwas able to only get the disks, RAM, CPUs and Network Card. The total of this is : 88 x 8TB SAS disks 44 x 16GB RAM sticks (half 2133, half 2400) 6 x v3 Xeon e3 2630 6 x v4 Xeon e5 2640 3 x 10 GB PCIe dual port cards 12 x 1U heatsink I'm really lucky to have all of these, even if I don't have a use for all of that for now (except some of the disks) EDIT: Forgot to mention: All of this for free, I work in a datacenter!

Looking for Cloud Storage Replacement, but I don’t like NextCloud
I'm looking for something to replace cloud storage for myself and family. I've tried to use/like NextCloud but honestly I despise it. The UI/UX really bothers me, and administering it is a pain. It also just does way more that I want or need. **What I'm looking for:** - Supports a virtual/sync folder on Mac. Like iCloud does, it needs to create a local folder on a Mac. I personally just use SMB, but for family members that's not as easy (see next point). - Accessible from the internet. I don't want to put my family members on the VPN, but I do have a central OAuth for other stuff so I want it to be secured with behind that. - Doesn't need to have a web interface or phone app. If it integrates into the computer, it doesn't really need this. I can just use (FileBrowser)[]. It's mostly used for documents and the like, so desktop/laptop use is the most important. Anyone use anything that fits this? Or anyone in general dislike NextCloud and use something else? Edit: Maybe I can just setup webdav and use something like Would be better to find something FOSS though, if possible.

Linux distro for selfhosting server
So I have been running a fair amount of selfhosted services over the last decade or so. I have always been running this on a Ubuntu LTS distribution running on a intel NUC machine. Most, if not all of my services run in a docker container, and using a docker compose file that brings everything up. The server is headless. I connect over ssh into a tmux config so I am always ready to go. Ubuntu has been my stable server choice over the years. I've made the upgrade from 16, 18, 20 and 22 LTS release and everything has kept working. I even upgraded the hardware (old NUC to a new NUC) and just imaged the disk from the old one onto the new machine, and the server kept chugging along quite nicely, after I configured the hardware (specifically the Intel QuickSync for hardware transcoding in the Plex container). Since Ubuntu has been transitioning from a really open community driven effort into a commercial enterprise, I feel it may be time to look at other distributions. On the other hand, it will require a fair amount of work to make the switch. But if it needs to be done, than so be it. I guess I am looking for opinions on what Linux distribution would fit my particular use case, and am wondering what most of us here are running. TLDR; What stable, long term supported Linux distributions do you recommend for a headless server running a stack of docker containers?

What Router can you recommend?
Hi, I got a new router from my ISP, but it doesn't even have an option to change the address of the DNS server... So I'm gonna switch (if necessary also the ISP). I have never used a custom router, so I would appreciate a push in the right direction. What can you recommend? Synology? FritzBox? Asus? Bridge Mode on the ISP router + RasPi? The following I am running on a separate device, but if possible it would be nice to have it directly on the router device: * PiHole * Wireguard * DDNS updater

[Question] RaspPi5 with Pi-Hole, Tailscale and Traefik
Hi all, I just got a Raspberry Pi 5 and I'm about to do my first setup, but it's a jungle to understand everything as a 'noob'. My plan is to install the following: - Pi-hole - Tailscale - Traefik I want to achieve DNS ad blocking and access to all my services on my laptop and phone. Would these services achieve this? Do they work together? And am I missing something to make it work? Sorry if this is plain stupid to ask, but I can't seem to find anything where all 3 is used together.

[Solved] Self Hosted Calendar
Hi, everyone! For several years, I've relied on NextCloud as a substitute for Google services. The time has come to say goodbye and move on in life. I've decided to replace my NextCloud instance with separate services for files, calendar, photos, notes, and to-do lists. I've already found alternatives for all services, except for the calendar. Does anyone have experience with FOSS projects that would allow me to self-host a calendar? I'm looking for something that supports CalDAV, has its own (pretty) user interface (webui), caters to multiple users, and supports multiple calendars. And if anyone is interested in the alternatives I've found for each NextCloud component, here's the list: NextCloud Files -> [File Browser]( NextCloud Notes -> [Joplin]( NextCloud Photos -> [Immich]( NextCloud Tasks -> [Vikunja]( NextCloud Calendar -> *???***___** # Edit: In the end, I used [Radicale]( software. I deployed it in a docker container and it worked almost right out of the box.

Hello everybody, Daniel here! I'm back with some huge updates for Linkwarden. Before we start, we'd like to express our sincere thanks to all of our [Cloud]( subscription users. Your support is crucial to our growth and allows us to continue improving. Thank you for being such an important part of our journey. 🚀 ## What's new? --- ### 🗂 Added support for Sub-Collections Our most requested feature, you can now create sub-collections to better organize your links! You can create sub-collections by dragging and dropping collections on top of each other or by clicking the "Create Sub-Collection" button in the collection menu. *Note: This feature has just been released, expect some minor bugs. We're still working on improving it.* ![Subcollection feature]( ### ✅ Bulk Actions Make bulk changes to your links with ease. You can now delete, move, or tag multiple links at once. To use this feature, simply click the pencil icon right beside the sort button and select the links you want to modify. ### 📲 Installable Progressive Web App (PWA) Step up to a smoother, app-like interface with Linkwarden now as an installable PWA for mobile and desktop devices. You can install the PWA by following the instructions in the [Docs]( ### 🍏 iOS Shortcut You can now easily save links to Linkwarden right from the share sheet on iOS. Just tap the share button, select "Save to Linkwarden", and you're done! You can get the shortcut by following the instructions in the [Docs]( ### 🔑 API Keys Unlock new integration possibilities by creating a new API key in the settings, facilitating automated workflows and enhanced efficiency. ### 🔗 Customizable Link Actions You can now choose what happens when you click a link. Choose to open the original link, the preserved PDF, the preserved screenshot, or the preserved readable format. ### 🚫 Duplicate Link Prevention Prevent adding the same links. This feature can be enabled in the settings. ### 📌 Pin links as a member You can now pin links to your dashboard even if you're a member of a team and you don't own the collection. ### 🛠️ Refactored importing functionality We've refactored the importing functionality to make it more reliable and efficient. It now also supports sub-collections! ------ If you like what we're doing, you can support the project by either starring ⭐️ the repo to make it more visible to others or by subscribing to the [Cloud]( plan (which helps the project, a lot). Feedback is always welcome, so feel free to share your thoughts! Website: []( GitHub: Read the blog: [](

How dumb would it be to run single-node ceph?
I really want to run ceph because it fits a number of criteria I have: gradually adding storage, mismatched disks, fault tolerance, erasure encoding, encryption, support out-of-the-box from other software (like Incus). But then I look at the hardware suggestions, and they seem like an up-front investment and ongoing cost to keep at least three machines evenly matched on RAM and physical storage. I also want more of a single-box NAS. Would it be idiotic to put a ceph setup all on one machine? I could run three mons on it with separate physical device backing each so I don't lose everything from a disk failure with those. I'm not too concerned about speed or network partitioning, this would be lukewarm storage for me.

Docker or podman?
I would love to hear everyone's opinion.

This is from last month, but I haven't seen any discussion of it. Seems like Forgejo is now a hard fork of Gitea, instead of being a soft fork like it was over the previous year. The main reason I'm posting it now is this: "As such, if you were considering upgrading to Forgejo, we encourage you to do that sooner rather than later, because as the projects naturally diverge further, doing so will become ever harder. It will not happen overnight, it may not even happen soon, but eventually, Forgejo will stop being a drop-in replacement."

What’s a simple logging service?
Hiya, I'm looking to keep track of my different services in hosting via Unraid. Right now I'm hosting roughly 12 different services, but would be nice to have the logs of all my services in one place, preferably with a nice GUI. Are there any such services that could easily connect to the different docker containers I have running? Appreciate any suggestions 🙌

Can someone explain to me why NAT is not enough for security?
Networking noob here. I want to prevent all incoming requests except through a specific port, and that traffic is forwarded to a specific device on the network. NAT seems to do that just fine, it's almost like a kind of firewall by itself. What kind of threats are there that requires more than just NAT for security?

Good mini PC for around 100€
My current setup consists of a Raspberry Pi 4 with 4gb RAM and a 1tb external SSD. I'm thinking of getting a used mini PC for around 100€ to replace that tho because it would give me a lot more power and especially RAM (I currently need to use an 8gb swap file). My plan so far is to get a used mini PC that's quiet, has a built-in SSD and at least 8gb of RAM (16 would be better). Because of the built-in SSD, I could also sell the external SSD and buy an 8-12tb HDD instead. Does anyone have recommendations for what mini PC to get or things that I should look out for? Edit: Thanks for all the help! I decided on the Firebat T8 Pro Plus with 16gb RAM and 512gb internal storage because that really seems to be perfect for my use case.

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